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The forests of Punjab present a kaleidoscopic spectrum of diverse vegetation types varying from the pine forests to thorn forests of deserts as per variations of altitude and climate. As per India State of Forest Report, 2017, Punjab has only 6.12 % of area (3,084 sq. km) of its geographical area. The reserved, Protected and Unclassed Forests are 1.43%, 36.87% and 61.70% respectively, of the recorded forest area. The forest cover in the state is 1,837 sq km which is 3.65% of the state’s geographical area. In terms of forest canopy density classes, the state has 8 sq km under very dense forest, 806 sq km under moderately dense forest and 1,023 sq km under open forest.

Recorded Forest Area in Punjab

Reserve Forest

44 Sq. Km.

Protected Forest

1137 Sq. Km.

Unclassed Forest

1903 Sq. Km.

Total

3084 Sq. Km.

Of Geographical Area

6.12%

Of India’s Forest Area

0.40%

District wise forest cover in Punjab, 2017

               

  Source: Forest Survey India, 2013 & 2017


Factors affecting forest & wildlife in Punjab

  • Increased urbanization & industrialization 
  • Change in land use pattern
  • Degradation of natural habitat & pollution
  • Increased demand of timber
  • Climate change & deforestation
  • Invasive alien species especially Lantana camara, Parthenium hysterophorus & Eichhornia crassipa
  • Poaching & illegal trade of wildlife products
  • Forest fire and encroachments
  • Soil erosion in shivaliks tracts

Related Data:

Related Graphs: