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Environmental policy is a set of guiding principles or rules intended to influence decisions and actions deliberately taken to manage anthropogenic activities with a view to prevent or mitigate harmful effects on environment and ensuring that man-made changes to the environment do not have adverse effects on living beings. Since independence, the country has taken several steps in the direction of conservation of environment and development in harmony with environment. The Government of India (GoI) and Government of Punjab (GoP) over the years has laid down various strategies in the form of policies to weave environmental considerations into the fabric of national life and development process. The major Policies are as under: