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Agriculture

In Punjab, there are 13 Wildlife Sanctuaries and two Communities Reserves covering 342.95 sq. km area, which is 0.68 % of total geographical area of Punjab.

Map of Protected Areas in Punjab...

 

  • Wild Life Sanctuaries

Wildlife Sanctuaries in Punjab (Click Here)

 

  • Community Reserves

Community Reserves in Punjab(Click Here)

  • Habitat Management

Wildlife Sanctuaries

  • Bir Motibagh Wildlife Sanctuary: Bir Motibagh Wildlife Sanctuary is located in district Patiala and established in 1952. The total area of the sanctuary is 654.0 ha. (5 km from Patiala city). Bir Moti Bagh Wildlife Sanctuary was one of the important hunting reserves of the erstwhile rulers of Patiala state. As per classification of the forests, the sanctuary falls under the Northern Tropical Dry Mixed Deciduous Forest Type (Champion and Seth, 1968). As per Census done in March 2009 conducted by Department of Forests & Wildlife Preservation-Punjab, there are 219 Blue bulls, 101 Wild boars, 804 Monkeys, 32 Jackals, 6 Deers and 133 Peafowls in this Wildlife Sanctuary.

Important Fauna and Flora in Bir Motibagh Wildlife Sanctuary (Click Here)

  • Bir Bhunerheri Wildlife Sanctuary: Bir Bhunerheri Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in district Patiala (15 km from Patiala city) and established in 1952 with total area of 654.0 ha. Bir Bhunerheri Wildlife Sanctuary was one of the important hunting reserves of the erstwhile rulers of Patiala state. The area of sanctuary falls in Northern Tropical Dry Mixed Deciduous Forest.

Important Fauna and Flora in Bir Bhunerheri Wildlife Sanctuary (Click Here)

 

  • Bir Dosanjh Wildlife Sanctuary: Bir Dosanjh is situated in district Patiala. It was declared as a protected forest by Notification in 1952 and covers an area of about 517.59 ha. As per classification of the forests, the sanctuary falls under the Northern Tropical Dry Mixed Deciduous Forest Type.

Important Fauna and Flora in Bir Dosanjh Wildlife Sanctuary (Click Here)

 

  • Bir Bhadson Wildlife Sanctuary:  Bir Bhadson Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the largest Protected Areas of Punjab falling in district Patiala which was also used by the erstwhile rulers of Patiala for hunting and shooting. It was preserved and maintained as a Shikargah. It was declared as a protected forest by Initial Notification in 1952 and then as a Wildlife Sanctuary. As per classification of forests, the sanctuary falls under the Northern Tropical Dry Mixed Deciduous Forest Type.

Important Fauna and Flora in Bir Bhadson Wildlife Sanctuary (Click Here)

 

  • Bir Mehas Wildlife Sanctuary: Bir Mehas Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in district Patiala and it was declared as a protected forest by Notification in 1952 and covers an area of about 123.43 ha. As per forest classification, the sanctuary falls under the Northern Tropical Dry Mixed Deciduous Forest Type.

Important Fauna and Flora in Bir Mehas Wildlife Sanctuary (Click Here)

 

  • Bir Gurdialpura Wildlife Sanctuary: Bir Gurdialpura Wildlife Sanctuary is located in district Patiala and it was declared as a protected forest by initial Notification in 1989 and final Notification in 2003. It covers an area of about 620.53 ha. Bir Gurdialpura Wildlife Sanctuary was one of the important hunting reserves of the erstwhile rulers of Patiala state.  As per forest classification, the sanctuary falls under the Northern Tropical Dry Mixed Deciduous Forest Type. The sanctuary has good ecological value and has a good habitat for number of wild animals.

Important Fauna and Flora in Bir Gurdialpura Wildlife Sanctuary (Click Here)

 

o        Bir Aishwan Wildlife Sanctuary: Bir Aishwan Wildlife Sanctuary is the state’s one of the most important and one of the first declared Wildlife Sanctuaries in Punjab. It is located in Sangrur District of Punjab (3 km from Sangrur city). It was notified in 1952. It spreads over an area of 264.40 ha. As per forest classification, the forests in the sanctuary are Northern Tropical Dry Mixed Deciduous Forest Type.

Important Fauna and Flora in Bir Aishwan Wildlife Sanctuary (Click Here)

 

Wildlife Sanctuaries

  • Harike Lake Wildlife Sanctuary: The Harike lake Wildlife Sanctuary is the largest of northern India in Tarn Taran district Punjab. This sanctuary is within the Harike wetland situated in the districts of Kapurthala, Ferozepur and Tarn Taran. In many ways, the creation of this habitat was equally shared by man and nature. None of them interfered with each other.  It is one of the ancient confluences where the rivers Satluj and Beas converge. Harike Pattan, as is locally known, presents an inspirational example of nature conservation. It's a quite a sacred place.

The sanctuary is spread over an expanse of about 8600 ha and has rich biodiversity of the wetland, which plays a vital role in maintaining the precious hydrological balance in the catchments of the Sutlej and Beas River, systems with its vast concentration of migratory fauna of waterfowls including a number of globally threatened species, which include the Testudine turtle and the smooth Indian otter, both of which are listed in the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List of Threatened Animals). This has been responsible for the recognition accorded to this wetland in 1990, by the Ramsar Convention, as one of the Ramsar sites in India, for conservation, development and preservation of the ecosystem. As per forest classification, the sanctuary falls in Northern Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest Type. Harike attracts large populations of avifauna, in particular diving ducks, the scaup duck, falcated teal and the white-headed stiff tailed duck are species rarely seen elsewhere within India. It is a vital source of water for the people of Punjab.

Important Fauna and Flora in Harike Lake  Wildlife Sanctuary (Click Here)

 

  • Abohar Wildlife Sanctuary: Abohar Wildlife Sanctuary is the state’s largest sanctuary located in Tehsil Abohar ( 8 km from Abohar City), Ferozepur District of Punjab, a dry arid area close to Rajasthan border. It was notified in 1975 and declared as a Wild Life Sanctuary under the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 in 2000 with the aim to guard the wildlife in Ferozepur District. It spreads over an area of 18650.0 ha. covering 13 revenue villages  in Ferozepur District. It has Northern Tropical Dry Mixed deciduous forest type. 

 

This Sanctuary is unique as the entire area of the Sanctuary belongs to private farmlands inhabited by the Bishnoi community whose love for animals is legendary and has an unique success story of Wildlife Conservation where this community on its own has joined hands to protect the State Animal, Black Buck which is considered sacred by them and another mammal Blue Bull is also protected religiously. In addition, a variety of other animals are present. These animals are also protected by villagers as they don't let hunters kill them. The sanctuary has dense citrus orchards and other important plants. The population of Blackbucks in Abohar has risen to 4000 after the conservation efforts (Personal communication Chief Wildlife Warden, Punjab,2009).

 Important Fauna and Flora in Abohar Wildlife Sanctuary (Click Here)

 

o        Takhni-Rehmapur Wildlife Sanctuary: Takhni-Rehmapur is a representative area of Shivalik Range of the Himalayas passing through Ropar, Hoshiarpur and Gurdaspur District of Punjab bordering H.P. It is located in District Hoshiarpur near village Mehngrowal (15 km from Hoshiarpur). It was notified in 1993 and its final Notification was in 1999. It spreads over an area of 382 ha (956 Acres with 498 Acre area of Village Takhni and 458 Acre area of village Rehmapur). As per classification of the forests, the sanctuary falls in Northern Tropical Dry Mixed Deciduous Forest Type. There are 88 species of Birds, including Red Jungle Fowl & Kaleej Pheasant in this sanctuary. The main animal species include python and pangolin.

Important Flora and Fauna in Takhni-Rehmapur Wildlife Sanctuary. (Click Here)

 

  • Jhajjar-Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary: Jhajjar Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary is located in close proximity of Anandpur Sahib town in Rupnagar District. It was notified in 1998 and its final Notification was in 2003. It spreads over an area of 116 ha. As per forest classification, the sanctuary falls under Dry Deciduous Forest Type.The Sanctuary is just on the boundary of Himachal Pradesh and occasionally presence of leopards has been reported from this sanctuary. Being in the Shivaliks, it has good habitat diversity.

Important Flora and Fauna in Jhajjar-Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary. (Click Here)

 

  • Nangal Wildlife Sanctuary: Nangal Wetland is situated in District Rupnagar and recently has been declared as a Wildlife sanctuary in August 10, 2009. It was notified as protected forests by Punjab Government in 1964 and spreads over an area of 289.69 ha covering six villages of Tehsil Anandpur Sahib. As per forest classification, the sanctuary falls under Dry Deciduous Forest Type. Nangal Wildlife Sanctuary is significant in terms of flora, fauna and hydrology. The influx of birds, both local and migratory, in this border area of Punjab and Himachal Pradesh has been on the rise for the past many years. Besides the resident birds, including the red jungle fowl, large Indian parakeet, Indian cuckoo, bank myna, wood shrike, yellow-eyed babbler and the crested bunting, one can watch a large number of birds from far-off hills roosting and feeding in the area.

 

This sanctuary is an important habitat for some threatened species like the scaly anteater and python.

Important Fauna and Flora in Nangal Wildlife Sanctuary. (Click Here)

 

  • Kathlaur-Kushliyan Wildlife Sanctuary: Kathlaur-Kaushlian Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Tehsil Pathankot, District Gurdaspur. The most of the area falls in river bed of Ravi river and its tributaries passes through the forest. The protected forest of Kathlaur and Kaushlian are known to harbour rich wildlife in terms of mammals and birds. Colonies of White Rumped Vulture have been sighted near this sanctuary. Sanctuary has most dynamic riverine ecosystem. It was notified in 1999 and its final Notification was in 2007. It spreads over an area of 116 ha.

    Important Flora and Fauna in Kathlaur - Kaushlian Wildlife Sanctuary.(Click Here)

Community Reserves

  • Lalwan Community Reserve: Lalwan Community Reserve is located in village Lalwan in district Hoshiarpur and spreads to an area of 340.0 ha.  The Village Panchayat of village Lalwan in district Hoshiarpur expressed their willingness and consequently offered the Panchayat forest of their village to the Government to be declared as community reserve for the purpose of protecting propagating and developing Wildlife and its environment. This Community Reserve was declared for improving the socio-economic conditions of the people living in the area and conservation of wildlife. The reserve is rich in avifauna. It was declared as a Community Reserve in the year 2007.

    Important Flora and Fauna in Lalwan Community Reserve.(Click Here)

  • Keshopur Chhamb Community Reserve: Keshopur Chhamb Community Reserve is located in Gurdaspur on the Panchayat wetland area (5 Km. from Gurdaspur Town) of village Miani, Keshopur, Matwa, Dalla and Magarmudian. It spreads to an area measuring 1266.80 ha. It was declared as a Community Reserve by Punjab Government for the purpose of protection, propagation and developing wildlife, wetland eco-system, avifauna and its environment in the year 2007.The Forest Department has recorded 434 species of birds in the area. Out of these nearly 45 species of migratory birds numbering about 40,000, visit the area during winter season from October till March (Rajasekar and Jerath, 2008).
    Important Fauna and Flora in Keshopur Chhamb Community Reserve. (Click Here)

Habitat Management

Each Protected Area in Punjab has its own management plan, based on sound scientific and ecological data. The prime management objective here in these areas is to protect the Protected Area from adverse impacts and thus promote natural regeneration, as this is the surest way to ensure the perpetuity or return of wild indigenous flora and fauna. Habitat management plans seek to involve local communities and make them aware of Protected Areas objectives. Further, their involvement in the enhancement of exploitable biomass, including wild foods, fodder and fuelwood in areas outside the Protected Areas is sought to reduce biotic pressures on the Protected Areas and to buffer the impact of wildlife on humans, crops and livestock. Department of Forests & Wildlife Preservation, Punjab is involved in effective habitat management of Protected Areas through following measures:

  • Water for Wildlife: There are 48 water holes evenly spread in the protected areas of the Punjab (Table 17). There are a few canals too. A number of seasonal streams and nullahs exist in the forests. Because of these sources, there is no scarcity of water even in pinch periods.
    Water holes in protected Areas of Punjab (Click Here)


  • Grassland Development: The Reserves have a high density of herbivores; therefore grassland management is a priority activity in the Reserves. The grassland are managed annually.


  • Weed Eradication: Livestock in and around the Reserves results in massive invasion of weeds. To address the problem, weed eradication is being undertaken from time to time.


  • Watch Towers: Watch Towers have been constructed and are maintained for effective monitoring of fire and for surveillance purposes.


  • Fencing: To protect the wildlife, these protected areas have fencing around them.


  • Protection: The reserve management personnel are deployed for patrolling of Protected Areas to discourage wildlife crimes and to monitor ecological parameters.


  • Awareness Generation: Nature Interpretation Centers have been set up at these Protected Areas to  provide visitors a holistic picture of the ecosystem of the reserves, the challenges to its conservation and the ways in which they can individually help to conserve this natural wilderness.