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Major Threats to Biodiversity
  • Intensive & extensive agriculture with focus on HYVs and exotic breeds
  • Lack of appreciation : Treated as free goods of nature
  • Habitat destruction & degradation
  • Environmental pollution & climate change
  • Unsustainable developmental model and urbanization
  • Infestation of Invasive Alien Plant Species
  • Lack of coordination amongst concerned line departments

Threatened Flora and Fauna of Punjab

Punjab Biodiversity Board in consultation with BSI, ZSI and Forest Deptt. has identified threatened flora and fauna of Punjab:

Floral Species in Punjab

Sr. No.

Botanical  Name

Family

Habit

Status

 

Angiosperms

(i)

Tecomella ndulate (Sm.) Seem

Bignoniaceae

 Tree

Endangered

(ii)

Withania coagulans (Stocks) Dunal

Solanacea

Shrub

Vulnerable

(iii)

Anogeissus sericea Brandis var. nummularia King ex Duthie

Combretaceae

Tree

Endemic & Rare

(iv)

Alysicarpus bupleurifolius(L) DC var. hybridus DC

 

Leguminosae –Papilionoideae

Herb

Endemic

(v)

Hibiscus Hoshiarpurensis T.K Paul & M.P Nayar

Malvaceae

Herb

Endemic

(vi)

Ceropegia bulbosa Roxb. Var lushii (J.Graham) Hook.f [=Ceropegia lushii(J.Graham)

Aselepiadaceae

Herb

Vulnerable

 

 Pteridophytes

(i)

Ophioglossum gramineum Willd.

Ophiglossaceae

Herb

At risk

(ii)

Ophioglossum polyphyllum A. Braun ex. Seub.

Ophiglossaceae

Herb

Rare

Source: Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change, Government of India, 2014
Faunal Species in Punjab

Sr. No

Common Name

Zoological Name

Threat Category

(Indian Wildlife Protection Act, 1972)

 

 Mammals

(i)

Indus River Dolphin

Platanista gangetica  ssp minor

Endangerd: Schedule- I

 

Birds

(ii)

White-backed Vulture

 

Gyps bengalensis   Gmelin,1788.

Critically Endangered: In Schedule-I since 2000

(iii)

Sarus Crane

Grus antigone   Linnaeus, 1758

Vulnerable

 

Reptiles

(iv)

Indian Rock Python

Python molurus  Linnaeus, 1758

Endangered

(v)

Indian Roofed Turtle

Kachuga tecta   Gray, 1830

Endangered:  Schedule-I

Source: Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change, Government of India, 2014

Related Notifications: