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Agricultural development and changes in cropping pattern after the success of green revolution has led to a change in land use pattern of the state. As per revenue records, land under agriculture has increased from about 75% in 1960-61 to about 80% in 1971 after which it has remained more or less constant (83% in 2011). It reached a maximum of 84.4% in the year 2001. In contrast, barren, unculturable, fallow and other uncultivated lands have recorded a sharp decline from 1961 to 2011.   There has been an increase in the area put to non-agricultural use in state during the last 20 years. This is obviously due to increase in developmental activities as more and more agricultural land is being used for industrial zones, housing & shopping complexes, transport systems, recreational purposes, etc. As per agriculture census 2010-11, there are about 1 million operational land holding in state with average size of holding 3.76 hectare as compared to all India average size of 1.16 ha (State of Indian Agriculture, 2012-13).

However, as per remote sensing data, 87.1% of total area of state is under agriculture including horticulture and agroforestry plantation (against land record of 83%) and 5.88% is under built up land category. The water bodies and wetlands comprise an area of 1.59% and 0.30% respectively. The wastelands occupy 2.01% area of the state.

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