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Over the year the Farm Mechanisation has increased in Punjab. The main farm operations has significantly improved the productivity of crops and the efficiency of farmers by attaining more output with minimal labour, increasing cropping intensity and saving time & costs. Thus the time and labour saved can be used by the farmer to endeavour into agriculture allied activities of dairy farming, poultry farming, beekeeping, fishing etc.

In the State, 4.50 lac tractors are being used for cultivation and 14.75 lac tube wells used for irrigation. The number of tractors, disc-harrows, self-propelled combines and tube wells has increased over the period and the status of the same between 2000-01 to 2018-19 is presented below:

Agricultural Machinery and Implements in Punjab (in ‘000’)

 

2000-01

2018-19

Tractors

395

 

450.2

Disc-Harrow

255

 

262.5

 

Seed cum Fertilizer Drills

 

180

 

141.5

 

Combine Harvester (Self-Propelled)

 

2.9

 

7.98

 

Combine Harvester (Tractor driven)

 

5.1

 

4.2

 

Threshers

 

285

 

88

Tube wells

 

1062

 

1475.7

 

Source: Directorate of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Punjab

Paddy straw management through Agricultural Mechanisation

Paddy straw management is a major challenge for the state because of the air pollution caused by the burning of paddy straw. The government is promoting innovation on large scales for paddy straw management in State. Due to these efforts of the State government, the burning of paddy has reduced by 62% in 2017 and by 40% in 2018. Further, during 2018-19 under the Central government scheme of "Promotion of agricultural mechanisation for management of crop residue", around 11,900 agricultural equipment were distributed to individual farmers and 16,450 were given to the primary agriculture and co-operative societies and farmer group to provide it to the farmers on a hiring basis.

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References