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  • Hazardous waste means any waste which by reason of any of its physical, chemical, reactive, toxic, inflammable, explosive or corrosive characteristics causes danger or is likely to cause danger to health or environment, whether alone or in contact with other wastes and substances.

  • Hazardous wastes  are usually :
  1. residues of industrial operations involving heavy metals such as nickel, chrome, lead, mercury, etc; or utilizing different categories of oil and petrochemicals.
  2. wastes from photocopiers and electronic equipments; chemicals such as Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs); and by-products such as dioxins and furans are also recognized as extremely hazardous affecting all forms of life.
  3. generated from process of treatment of wastewater  & emissions of industries.
  • During the past couple of decades, concern for the diversity and quantity of hazardous wastes generated by industrial activities and its effect on health and environment has increased considerably. Such wastes are usually residues of industrial operations involving heavy metals such as nickel, chrome, lead, mercury, etc; or utilizing different categories of oil and petrochemicals. Wastes from photocopiers and electronic equipments; chemicals such as Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs); and by-products such as dioxins and furans are also recognized as extremely hazardous affecting all forms of life. Hazardous wastes in certain cases are also generated from process of treatment of wastewater and emissions of industries. Depending upon their characteristics, nature, and concentration of contaminants, some of these wastes are extremely toxic.
  • Major driving forces leading to generation of hazardous wastes includes increase in production of industrial goods, use of lead acid batteries and electronic equipments. Further, inefficient technologies also lead to generation of high quantities of such waste.
  • The total quantum of Hazardous waste generation in Punjab  is from number of lead acid battery manufacturing and assembling units, whether in the organized or unorganized sector, contribute to hazardous waste generation. Furthermore, the electronic wastes from discarded electronic devices like computers and their peripherals, communication equipments, electronic typewriters, nickel cadmium batteries, picture tubes, electronic medical equipments, etc. are hazardous in nature. However, specific data on generation of all types of hazardous wastes and their quantities is not available. This is, therefore, a cause of concern and warrants immediate action.

HW Generated and Treated in Punjab

  • 3136 industries generating Hazardous Waste:

  1. Recyclable 50733 TPA
  2. Incinerable 4978 TPA
  3. Storageable waste 27722 TPA

  • Common Hazardous Waste disposal facility:

  1. Installed at Vill. Nimbuan, Dera Bassi in an area of 21 acres.
  2. Commissioned in October, 2007.
  3. The ownership of Land is of PPCB and given on lease to NGPL.
  4. Installed under PPP mode.
  5. Cost Rs. 17.19 Crores.
  6. Life span 15 years
  7. Capacity 5,40,000 MT
  8. Introduced GPRS system with all the vehicles carrying hazardous waste and connected with the website of the Board.

  • Year wise progress in lifting & disposal of hazardous waste at TSDF

Year

Quantity (MT)

2007-08

12313.43

2008-09

20365.12

2009-10

17818.60

2010-11

19370.31

2011-12

21450.00

2012-13

20168.48

2013-14

19851.34

2014-15

22222.00

2015-16 ( upto 31.12.2015)

19637.00

Source: Punjab Pollution Control Board, 2015

  • The PPCB is responsible for collecting data and inspecting and ensuring proper storage/disposal of hazardous waste in the state. All major hazardous waste units in the state have installed captive incinerators in their premises. Now a Common Treatment, Storage and Disposal Facility (TSDF) has been set up at village Nimbuan, District Mohali. The entire industrial hazardous waste from Punjab is being  stored/disposed at this facility. The PPCB is also currently laying emphasis on promotion of clean and no-waste industrial technologies/processes in the state and organizing awareness programs.

Source: Punjab Pollution Control Board, 2013