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The initial increase in agricultural production in the state was mainly due to increase in net sown area, however stunning rise of food grain production from 11.92 Million Tonnes in 1980-81 to 29.44 Million Tonnes in 2013-14 can be largely attributed to intensive use of farm chemicals. The consumption of chemical fertilizers (NPK) was increased from 762 Thousand Tonnes in 1980-81 to 1713 Thousand Tonnes in 2013-14 and 1677 Thousand Tonnes in 2014-15(P). High usage of nitrogenous fertilizers with relative under-utilization of other fertilizers and micronutrients has lead to imbalance in micro nutrient in soils of the Punjab.  The various studies undertaken in the state since 1970 has indicated the presence of residues of chemical pesticides like organochlorines, organophosphates, synthetic pyrethroids and carbamates in human beings, milk, water, vegetables and other food products at levels, which are dangerous for human health. Non judicious use of pesticides has also resulted in the development of pesticide resistance in various insects and pests. The pesticide consumption in the state has been decreasing since 2000-01, which could be to the introduction of Bt cotton in the state (which requires lesser number of sprays) as well as, better awareness among farmers. 

Estimated Demand & Consumption of Pesticides

In Punjab, during 2014-15, the total area under Bio-pesticides during the Kharif season is 0.87 Lac Hac, whereas, the total area under Chemical & Bio pesticides is about 35.77 lac hac .

The consumption of pesticides in technical grade during Kharif 2014-15 was 3851 MT against the demand of 4240 MT and during Rabi 2014-15 (upto 01.01.2015) the consumption of pesticides in technical grade is 1848 MT against the demand of 2130 MT. Thus, the total consumption of pesticides in technical grade during 2014-15 is 5699 MT against the total demand of 6390 MT. The projected demand for the Kharif season 2015-16 is 4220 MT & for Rabi 2015-16 is 2140 MT. During the year 2014-15, the consumption of Bio-pesticides during the Kharif season was 131.62 MT against the demand that of 359.5 MT. In the state of Punjab the pesticides are distributed to the farmers through Govt./Semi Govt. Agencies, Co-operative Societies and registered dealers.

Source: Director of Agriculture, Punjab

Consumption of chemical fertilizers in Punjab


Consumption of technical grade pesticides in Punjab

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