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Steps taken / initiated by the State to manage paddy straw:

  • Punjab Energy Development Agency

o    7 Bio mass based power projects capacity 62.5 MW commissioned. About 0.5 millon TPA paddy straw is used.

o    1 power project (6 MW) under installation and shall be commissioned by March, 2016. About 0.05 millon TPA paddy straw shall be used.

o    2 power projects (8 MW) under installation and likely to commissioned by December, 2016. About 0.07 millon TPA of paddy straw shall be used.

o    From recent RFP for 200 MW capacity, 2 project of 30 MW capacity are under consideration and approval and likely to be installed by December, 2017. About 0.6 millon TPA paddy straw shall be used.

o    5 Bio refineries using paddy straw as feed stock to produce Cellulosic ethanol (75,000 KL/year per refinery) shall be setup. About 1.5 millon TPA of paddy straw shall be used.  

  • Department of Agriculture

o    For promoting collection for paddy straw to use in industry / power plant, State Government provided subsidy @ 50% of the cost of the agriculture machinery [Gyrorake (74), Baler (107) during the year 201314 & 2014-15].

o    For promotion of chopping of residue and incorporation in the soil, State Government has provided subsidy @ 50% of the cost of agriculture machinery [Paddy straw chopper shredder (245), Rotavator (14173), happy seeder (392), Zero Trill Drill (5086), during the year 2013-14.  

o    Further proposal to provide subsidy amounting to Rs. 22.65 crores (on 2125 agriculture implements) to the farmers @ 50% of the cost of the agriculture implements during 2015-16.

o    State Government succeeded in increasing Basmati Rice and Maize Crop to 4.14 lac hectare  and 0.34 lac hectare, respectively, in the year 2014.

o    During 2014-15, 4759 village level, 316 blocks level and 44 district level camps were organized. 

  • PPCB / Deptt. of STE

o    The Govt. of Punjab issued notification no. 946 dated 22/10/2015 for prohibiting burning of paddy straw. 

o    24 Ambient Air Quality Monitoring Station (AAQMS) installed in 11 towns.

o    4 AAQMS setup in the villages of districts SBS Nagar, Amritsar, Sangrur & Faridkot.

o    PPCB has given study as R & D project to PSCST regarding use of paddy straw as fuel in brick kiln. Initial trial runs found successful. About, 1 millon TPA paddy straw shall be used.

o    PPCB got satellite imagery study from Punjab Remove Sensing Centre (PRSC) in the year 2014 (12368 fire events) and 2015 (7553 fire events). Study indicated 38.93% reduction in paddy straw burning.

  • Diversification of Agriculture:  The State Govt. has envisaged a diversification plan to re-orient agriculture in the state by   replacing 12 lakh hectares of area  from paddy  to other crops  like maize, cotton, basmati, sugarcane , agroforestry,  pulses  and  fruits and vegetables. The major objectives of proposed plan are to arrest  the depletion of  sub-soil water table, control the mounting power subsidy bill and break the stagnation in terms of yield in the wheat-paddy cycle

Related Graph:

Proposed Plan for Diversification of Agriculture in Punjab

  • Promoting Timely Plantation of Paddy:  The State Govt. has enacted Punjab Preservation of Sub Soil Water Act, 2009 to preserve groundwater by prohibiting sowing paddy nursery  before May 10 and transplanting paddy before June 15 to avoid the high evaporation rates in early summer. Estimates show that the Act has the potential to achieve annual savings of about 2,180 million cubicmeters of water (7% of annual groundwater draft) and 175 million KWh of energy used for pumping groundwater.

Related Graphs:

Rise/fall of water table with date of transplanting of paddy

  • Formulation of Policy for “Utilization and Management of Paddy Straw” to evolve an economically viable and farmer-friendly mechanism  for productive disposal of paddy straw
  • Enactment of Punjab Contract Farming Act, 2013 to safeguard the rights of farmers as well as the buyers besides ensuring & regulating  efficient marketing mechanism to boost crop diversification program
  • Setting up of   Borlouge Institute for South Asia (BISA) at Laddowal, Ludhiana to develop new varieties of wheat and maize crop and to harness the latest technology in agriculture to improve farming productivity & sustainably
  • Setting up of 1509  Agriculture Machinery Service Centers  in the state for providing  costly machinery on custom hiring basis to small and marginal farmers of the state through cooperative societies  with a purpose to reduce  the cost of cultivation
  • ·         Promotion of resource conservation technologies i.e  zero tillage,  direct seeding of paddy,   ridge planting of paddy, leaf colour chart, tensiometre  and machinery (on subsidy) such as Zerro till drill, Happy  seeder, Laser leveling,  Rotavator, Bailers, etc.  

Related Graphs:

Area covered by Happy Seeders

Laser Levelers in Punjab

  • Emphasis on region specific cultivation of crops
  • Promotion of conjunctive use of water through Community Underground Pipeline Systems  and Micro Irrigation ( sprinkler & drip)
  • Coverage of an area of 55074 ha under contour bunding, gully reclamation and waste land development
  • Lining of canals distributaries and minors for proper supply for irrigation water upto tail ends
  •  Promotion of Integrated Pest Management in Cotton, Paddy and Maize.
  • Establishment  750 Net houses for promotion of  modern/organic  vegetable cultivation
  • Integrated Farmer Training Centre established at village Abul Khurana, distt. Mukatsar  for imparting training regarding latest technology of agriculture & allied sectors
  • Strengthening of 76 soil and water testing laboratories  
  • Establishment of 5 citrus estates at Abohar,Tahliwala-Jattan, Bhunga ,Badal, Hoshiarpur, Litchi estate at Pathankot and Pear estate at Amritsar  to promote the horticulture activities
  • Eleven new Pack Houses set up to facilitate marketing infrastructure for fruits and vegetables equipped with scientific ripening of fruits and vegetables along with storage facility
  • Setting up of 4800 dairy farms, 100 goatry and 50 piggery farms to promote allied agriculture practices
  • Establishment of 200  Indigenous Breed Development (IBD)  Centres to improve breed of buffalos and cows
  • Development of fisheries in South-Western Districts of the State
  • Organization of Agricultural Summit on 16-19 February, 2014 to attract investment in agriculture for mechanization and technology up-gradation

References