The term ‘Forest Cover’ refers to “All lands, more than one hectare in area, with a tree canopy density of more than 10% irrespective of ownership and legal status. Such lands may not necessarily be recorded forest area.

The Forest Cover in the State is 1,848.63 sq. km. which is 3.67% of the State's geographical area. In terms of forest canopy density classes, the State has 8.00 sq km under Very Dense Forest (VDF), 800.97 sq. km under Moderately Dense Forest (MDF) and 1,039.66 sq km under Open Forest (OF).

Class

Area (in Sq. Km.)

% of GA

Very Dense Forest

8.00

0.02

Moderately Dense Forest

800.97

1.59

Open Forest

1,039.66

2.06

Total

1,848.63

3.67

                             Source: India State of Forest Report (ISFR) 2019

 Table:  District-wise Forest Cover in Punjab

(Area in sq.km)

District

 

Forest Cover

 

 

 

Geographical Area of the District (GA)

Very Dense Forest (a)

Mod. Dense Forest (b)

Open Forest (c)

Total Forest Area (a b c)

% of GA

Amritsar

2,683

1.00

11.05

14.73

26.78

1.00

Barnala

1,482

NIL

1.00

7.33

8.33

0.56

Bathinda

3,353

NIL

18.91

36.52

55.43

1.65

Faridkot

1,458

NIL

3.97

14.51

18.48

1.27

Fatehgarh Sahib

1,180

NIL

3.74

0.00

3.74

0.32

Firozpur

5,305

NIL

6.00

27.66

33.66

0.63

Gurdaspur

3,551

NIL

104.16

108.16

212.32

5.98

Hoshiarpur

3,386

NIL

370.33

353.87

724.20

21.39

Jalandhar

2,624

NIL

1.92

8.69

10.61

0.40

Kapurthala

1,633

NIL

1.93

7.92

9.85

0.60

Ludhiana

3,578

NIL

25.18

33.74

58.92

1.65

Mansa

2,198

NIL

0.98

9.00

9.98

0.45

Moga

2,242

NIL

0.00

8.89

8.89

0.40

Muktsar

2,593

NIL

5.97

12.35

18.32

0.71

Patiala

3,325

7.00

28.69

39.12

74.81

2.25

Rupnagar

1,356

NIL

105.82

155.64

261.46

19.28

Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar

1,094

NIL

74.50

66.23

140.73

12.86

Sangrur

3,625

NIL

6.00

16.83

22.83

0.63

Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar

1,282

NIL

25.90

105.86

131.76

10.28

Tarn Taran

2,414

NIL

4.92

12.61

17.53

0.73

Grand Total

50,362

8.00

800.97

1,039.66

1,848.63

3.67

                                                              Source: India State of Forest Report (ISFR) 2019

Major Forest, Protected Areas and Eco-Sensitive Zones (ESZs) of Punjab

a) Major Forest Areas of Punjab

Name of Forest

Area Covered (district)

Shivalik Forest

Comprising sub-mountainous zone and undulating land below the hills in the districts of Gurdaspur, Hoshiarpur, Pathankot, S.B.S Nagar and Ropar. 

Bir Forests

Patiala & Sangrur districts

Mand Forest

Primarily around wetlands in district Tarn Taran, Kapurthala and  Ropar

Source: State of Environment Punjab, 2014

b) Protected Areas of Punjab

Thirteen Wildlife Sanctuaries, four Conservation Reserves and four Community Reserves constitute the Protected Area network of the State covering 0.76% of its geographical area. The Community reserves of 'Lalwan' in Hoshiarpur and 'Keshopur-Chamb' in Gurdaspur districts are the first notified community reserves in the country under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972. These reserves enable conservation of biodiversity on the community lands with the support of State Forest Department.

List of notified Wildlife Sanctuaries

Sr. No.

Name of the Wildlife Sanctuaries

1

Bir Moti Bagh Wildlife Sanctuary

2

Bir Gurdialpura Wildlife Sanctuary

3

Bir Bhunerheri Wildlife Sanctuary

4

Bir Mehas Wildlife Sanctuary

5

Bir Dosanjh Wildlife Sanctuary

6

Bir Bhadson Wildlife Sanctuary

7

Bir Aishwan Wildlife Sanctuary

8

Abohar Wildlife Sanctuary

9

Harike Wildlife Sanctuary

10

Takhni Rehmapur Wildlife Sanctuary

11

Jhajjar-Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary

12

Kathlaur Kushlian Wildlife Sanctuary

13

Nangal Wildlife Sanctuary

Source: Department of Forests & Wildlife Preservation, Punjab 

Assessed on  website: https://pbforests.gov.in

List of Conservation Reserves

Sr. No.

Name of the Conservation Reserve

1

Rakh Sarai Amanat Khan Conservation Reserve

2

Ropar Wetland Conservation Reserve

3

Ranjit Sagar Dam Conservation Reserve

4

Beas River Conservation Reserve

Source: Department of Forests & Wildlife Preservation, Punjab 

Assessed on  website: https://pbforests.gov.in

List of Community Reserves

Sr. No.

Name of the Community Reserve

1

Lalwan Community Reserve

2

Keshopur Chhamb Community Reserve

3

Siswan Community Reserve

4

Panniwala-Gumjal-Haripura-Diwankhera Community Reserve

         Source: Department of Forests & Wildlife Preservation, Punjab 

Assessed on  website: https://pbforests.gov.in

c) Eco-Sensitive Zones (ESZs) of Punjab

Eco-Sensitive Zones or Ecologically Fragile Areas are areas within 10 kms around Protected Areas, National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries. ESZs are notified by MoEFCC, Government of India under Environment Protection Act 1986.

In case of places with sensitive corridors, connectivity and ecologically important patches, crucial for landscape linkage, even area beyond 10 km width can also be included in the eco-sensitive zone. The basic aim is to regulate certain activities around National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries so as to minimise the negative impacts of such activities on the fragile ecosystem encompassing the protected areas.

List of notified Eco-Sensitive Zones (ESZs) of Punjab

Sr. No.

Notified Eco-Sensitive Zones (ESZs) of Punjab

1

Abohar Wildlife Sanctuary

2

Bir Bhadson Wildlife Sanctuary

3

Bir Dosanjh Wildlife Sanctuary

4

Bir Gurdialpura Wildlife Sanctuary

5

Bir Moti Bagh Wildlife Sanctuary

Source: Department of Forests & Wildlife Preservation, Punjab 

Assessed on  website: https://pbforests.gov.in