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Forests of Punjab according to Champion and Seth classification:
 

  • Northern Dry Deciduous Mixed Forests: Vegetation is predominantly xerophytic with preponderance of species like Acacia catechu, A. nilotica, A. leucophloea and Anogeissus latifolia with the scrub of Carissa opaca, Grevia optiva, Adatoda vasica, etc.
  • Dry Deciduous Scrub Forests: These are mostly found in Kandi tract with predominant species like Acacia catechu, Dalbergia sissoo, Bombax ceiba, Emblica officinalis, Lannea grandis, Toona ciliata, Cassia fistula, etc.
  •  Khair, Sissoo forests in foot hills, Bela and Mand areas:  These forests are mostly man made by planting in the foot hills of Bela and Mand areas. Mostly Khair, Sissoo and Eucalyptus hybrid have been planted in these areas. Groves of mango are found in these forests.
  • Shivalik Chir Pine Forests: Pinus roxburghii is the main species found in these forests at an elevation of 850m and above. Associated species are Terminalia alata, Terminalia bellerica, Terminalia chebula, Anogeisus latifolia, Emblica officinalis, Cassia fistula, etc.
  • Dry Deciduous Bamboo Forests: These forests are found in Dasua Forest Division only. The main species found in these forests is Dendrocalamus strictus. The other associates are Lannea grandis, Diospyros montana, Butea monosperma, Holoptelia integrifolia and Cassia fistula.

       

Source: Forest Survey of India, 2013

 

Forest and Tree Cover in Punjab, 2013

Category

Area (in sq.km)

% of TGA

Tree Cover

1499

2.98

Forest Cover

1772

3.52

Tree and Forest Cover

3271

6.5

 

Source: Forest Survey of India, 2013


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