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Forests of Punjab according to Champion and Seth classification:

  • Northern Dry Deciduous Mixed Forests: Vegetation is predominantly xerophytic with preponderance of species like Acacia catechu, A. nilotica, A. leucophloea and Anogeissus latifolia with the scrub of Carissa opaca, Grevia optiva, Adatoda vasica, etc.
  • Dry Deciduous Scrub Forests: These are mostly found in Kandi tract with predominant species like Acacia catechu, Dalbergia sissoo, Bombax ceiba, Emblica officinalis, Lannea grandis, Toona ciliata, Cassia fistula, etc.
  •  Khair, Sissoo forests in foot hills, Bela and Mand areas:  These forests are mostly man made by planting in the foot hills of Bela and Mand areas. Mostly Khair, Sissoo and Eucalyptus hybrid have been planted in these areas. Groves of mango are found in these forests.
  • Shivalik Chir Pine Forests: Pinus roxburghii is the main species found in these forests at an elevation of 850m and above. Associated species are Terminalia alata, Terminalia bellerica, Terminalia chebula, Anogeisus latifolia, Emblica officinalis, Cassia fistula, etc.
  • Dry Deciduous Bamboo Forests: These forests are found in Dasua Forest Division only. The main species found in these forests is Dendrocalamus strictus. The other associates are Lannea grandis, Diospyros montana, Butea monosperma, Holoptelia integrifolia and Cassia fistula.

As per India State of Forest Report 2019, the Forest Cover in Punjab is 1,848.63 sq km which is 3.67% of the State's geographical area (interpretation of IRS Resourcesat-2 LISS III satellite data of the period Oct 2017). In terms of forest canopy density classes, the State has 8.00 sq km under Very Dense Forest (VDF), 800.97 sq km under Moderately Dense Forest (MDF) and 1,039.66 sq km under Open Forest (OF). Forest Cover in the State has increased by 11.63 sq km as compared to the previous assessment reported in ISFR 2017. Main reasons for the increase in forest cover in the State are plantation and conservation activities

Forest Cover in Punjab

Source: Forest Survey of India, 2019

District-wise Forest Cover in Punjab

                                                                                                                (in sq. km)

Source: Forest Survey of India, 2019

Forest Cover of Punjab

Source: Forest Survey of India, 2019

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