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The three top electricity consumers are the Industrial sector, agriculture sector and domestic sector that consumed 34.22% (or 11030.57 Million KWH), 31.38% (or 10116.89 Million KWH) and    24.56% (or 7915.24 Million KWH) of the total sales of electricity in the state respectively. There lies a large scope of reducing electricity consumption through enhancement in energy efficiency in these sectors with total energy saving potential in Punjab being around 7241 MUs.  By adopting BEE star labeled agricultural pump sets, the efficiency can be enhanced upto 50-52% (BEE/NPC, 2009 study, BEE/TUV 2010) and appreciable electricity saving can be achieved in agriculture sector. Further, as agriculture sector is one of the major fossil fuel consumer (for diesel operated pumps), The state government has taken initiative to cover maximum number of diesel pump sets on electricity to save diesel. Similarly there is a huge energy saving potential in other sectors like commercial buildings, municipalities, SME Clusters and domestic sector.

Total energy saving potential in Punjab as of 2010-11

Sector

Estimated Annual Saving Potential (MU)

as of 2010-11

Agriculture

4360

Commercial

114.87

Domestic

1217

Municipalities

157

SME Clusters

175.75

Industrial

1217

TOTAL

7241.62

                                                                                                     Source: Jerath et al., 2014


References