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Energy production using fossil fuels is the major contributor to greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere, which is perceived to be the main cause for global warming. Evidences collated by IPCC (IPCC, 2007a) clearly indicate that the warming is having a deleterious effect on ecosystems and its services across the globe. Transitioning to a low-carbon energy economy is a way out for mitigation of impacts of climate change and energy generation through New and Renewable Sources of Energy (NRSE) provide an opportunity for such transition. Punjab has been developing its renewable energy resources for some time now and a status of these developments is as under:

Solar energy

The state is endowed with vast potential of solar energy estimated at 4-7 KWH/sqm of solar insulation levels. About 10.50 MW of solar power projects have been commissioned by December 2013. Additionally, under rooftop programme about 1100 KWp capacity Solar Photovoltaic Power Projects have been commissioned in the state at various important Govt., Institutional, and Religious buildings namely Punjab Raj Bhawan, Punjab Civil Secretariat, Golden Temple, Wagah Border, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana and Pushpa Gujral Science City, Kapurthala.

 

Details of the Solar Power projects in Punjab:

 

Location & District

Capacity

 

Vill. Khera Kalmout, Distt. Patiala  by M/s Soma Enterprises Ltd., Patiala

1MW

Vill. Mehandipur, Distt. Saheed Bhagat Singh Nagar  by M/s Sovox Renewables Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi

1 MW

Vill. Boparai Kalan, Distt. Ludhiana  by  M/s Econergy Inc., USA

1 MW

Vill. Bhuttiwala, Distt. Mukatsar  by  M/s G.S. Atwal& Co. (Engineers) Pvt. Ltd., Kolkata.

1.5 MW

Vill. Bhagsar, Distt. Mukatsar  by  M/s Carlill energy Pvt. Ltd., Chandigarh

1.5 MW

Vill. Awan, Distt. Amritsar by M/s. Azure Power

2.00 MW

Vill. Shahdra, Distt. Saheed Bhagat Singh Nagar M/s Enterprises Business Solution Inc., Jalandhar

1.5 MW

Vill. Phollukhari Distt. Bathinda  bY PEDA

1.00 MW

TOTAL

10. 5 MW

 

Source: Punjab Energy Development Agency(PEDA), 2013

 

Hydro-electricity:

The potential power generation capacity of the state from its extensive canal systems is about 250 MW at Canal falls, out of which 130.70 MW capacity projects are in operation.  Another 20.65 MW capacities are under execution including hydel projects undertaken by Punjab State Power Corporation Limited (PSPCL).

Large Biogas plants:

High rate Biomethanation Projects (biogas) based on anaerobic digestion technology for Recovery of Energy of about 1MW from Dairy Waste at Haibowal, Ludhiana is operational since 2004. Plans are on to increase the capacity of energy generation from 1MW to 10 MW. Another Cattle Dung based Power Project of similar capacity ~ 1MW shall be installed at Jalandhar on Build, Operate & Own (BOO) basis.

Co-generation:

Co-generation technologies are used for converting dry biomass (crop residues) for co-generation in sugar, paper, fertilizer chemical, textile and other industries. These industries together are having an estimated co-generation potential of 500 MW. As of December 2013, about 147.20 MW of power has been commissioned through co-generation.

Power generation from Biomass/Agro-residue and waste:

Punjab being primarily an agrarian economy, has a high potential for energy generation from agro- residues like paddy straw, paddy husk, cotton stalk, etc. It is estimated that surplus agro residues (including rice straw) and agro industrial/processing waste produced annually can generate 1500 MW of power. Biomass based Power Plants of total capacity 62.5 MW (7 plants) have been commissioned in the state and the Government is committed to support and facilitate harnessing the total potential by the year 2022.

References