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                                                    State Animal of Punjab

Black Buck (Antelope cervicapra)

General Characteristics :

   Body Length:              100-150 cm / 3.3-5 ft.
Shoulder Height:         60-85 cm / 2-2.8 ft.
Tail Length:                10-17 cm / 4-6.8 in. 
 Weight:                      25-35 kg / 55-77 lb.

  • Black Buck (Antelope cervicapra) is commonly known as “Kala Hiran” and has been declared as State Animal of Punjab vide Govt. notification No. 34/13/Ft.IV-83/6044 dated 15.3.1989. The largest population of approximately 3500 Black Bucks is conserved in Abohar Wildlife Sanctuary.


  • It is a species of antelope found mainly in India and is blessed with a striking color and spiral horns and looks beautiful. Both sexes have white under parts, including the insides of the legs and lower chest, as well as a white ring surrounding the eye and a white chin.
  • Females and young are yellowish-fawn on their back and head, and are generally hornless.


  • Males gradually darken from tan to deep brown or black with age, beginning after 2 years.


  • Black Buck likes to be in herds of 5-50 animals generally with three or fewer males. Bachelor herds are known.


  • On the open plain, the Blackbuck is one of the fastest land mammals, blackbuck have been clocked going in excess of 80 kmph / 48 mph. animals and can outrun most predators over long distances.


  • Main Predators are wolf and leopard.