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Water

WASTE CATEGORY

TYPE OF WASTE CATEGORY

TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL OPTION

Category No. 1

Human Anatomical Waste
(human tissues, organs, body parts)

Incineration@ / deep burial*

Category No. 2

Animal Waste
(animal tissues, organs, body parts, carcasses, bleeding parts, fluid, blood and experimental animals used in research, waste generated by veterinary hospitals, colleges, discharge from hospitals, animal houses)

Incineration@ / deep burial*

Category No. 3

Microbiology & Biotechnology Wastes
(Wastes from laboratory cultures, stocks or specimen of micro organisms, live or attenuated vaccines, human and animal cell cultures used in research and infectious agents from research and industrial laboratories, wastes from production of biologicals, toxins and  devices used for transfer of cultures)

Local autoclaving/ microwaving / incineration@

Category No. 4

Waste sharps
(Needles, syringes, scalpels, blades, glass, etc. that may cause puncture and cuts. This includes both used and unused sharps)

disinfecting(chemical treatment@@ / autoclaving / microwaving and mutilation / shredding##

Category No. 5

Discarded Medicine and Cytotoxic drugs
(Wastes comprising of outdated, contaminated and discarded medicines)

Incineration@ / destruction and drugs disposal in secured landfills

Category No. 6

Soiled waste
(Items contaminated with body fluids including cotton, dressings, soiled plaster casts, lines, bedding, other materials contaminated with blood.)

Incineration@ / autoclaving / microwaving

Category No. 7

Solid Waste
(Waste generated from disposable items other than waste sharps such as tubing, catheters, intravenous sets, etc.)

Disinfecting by chemical treatment@@ / autoclaving / microwaving and mutilation / shredding# #

Category No. 8

Liquid Waste
(Waste generated from laboratory and washing, cleaning, house keeping and disinfecting activities)

Disinfecting by chemical treatment@@  and discharge into drains

Category No. 9

Incineration Ash
(Ash from incineration of any biomedical waste)

Disposal in municipal landfill

Category No.10

Chemical Waste
(Chemicals used in production of biologicals, chemicals used in disinfecting, as insecticides, etc.)

Chemical treatment @@ and discharge into drains for liquids and secured landfill for solids.

@@ Chemical treatment using at least 1% hypochlorite solution or any other equivalent chemical reagent. It must be ensured that chemical treatment ensures disinfection.

## Mutilations / Shredding must be such so as to prevent unauthorised reuse.

@ There will be no chemical pre-treatment before incineration. Chlorinated plastics shall not be incinerated.

* Deep burial shall be an option available only in towns with population less than five lakh and in ruralareas. Options given above are based on available technologies. Occupier/operator wishing to use other State-of-the-art technologies shall approach the Central Pollution Control Board to get the standards laid down to enable the prescribed authority to consider grant of authorization


Source: Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, 2000